Foundation stage

At the British School of Zanzibar students in Early Years Foundation Stage (ages 2-5 Nursery- Reception) are guided through well organized and planned out play both indoors and outdoors. The following are characteristics of Effective Learning through EYFS.

  • Explore, develop and represent learning experiences that help them make sense of the world;
  • Practice and build up ideas, concepts and skills;
  • Learn how to control impulses and understand the need for rules;
  • Be alone, be alongside others, or cooperate as they talk or rehearse their feelings;
  • Take risks and make mistakes;
  • Think creatively and imaginatively;
  • Communicate with others as they investigate or solve problems;
  • Express fears or relive anxious experiences in controlled and safe situations.

The Curriculum is organized in these categories of development:

  • Personal, social and emotional development
  • Communication, language and literacy
  • Mathematical development
  • Knowledge and Understanding of the World
  • Physical development
  • Creative development
  1. Personal, Social and Emotional Development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.
  2. Communication, Language, and Literacy development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations. Literacy developments involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems and other written materials) to ignite their interests.
  3. Mathematical Development involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces and measures.
  4. Knowledge and Understanding of the World involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
  5. Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food. 
  6. Creative development includes expressive art and design.  It involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play and design and technology.